What to know about Truvada®:
Currently, Truvada®is the only approved medication for PrEP. Truvada® is a pill that combines two HIV medications- Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate. However, other medication are in the works of getting approval.
Before taking PrEP, you will need to be tested for HIV, as PrEP should only be taken by individuals who are HIV-negative.
Most people taking PrEP do not experience any side effects. However, some possible effects are:
- decrease in bone density
- kidney injury
Doctor visits will be scheduled about every 3 months to monitor for side effects, assess kidney health, and to test for HIV. If side effects such as nausea or headaches do occur, they should go away within a few days. A doctor may also suggest taking the medication with food to help with nausea. Bone loss and kidney injury are rare, but if these occur, symptoms should go away after stopping Truvada®. No significant, long-term side effects have been seen in HIV-negative people who have taken Truvada®.